Data Privacy

Collaboration Questions and Research

How can we provide data sovereignty for the citizens of Australia? (Protect your data privacy) How could we determine which companies have our data or are using our data without our knowledge?

  • What is causing the problem? 
  • In 2020 the biggest data risks were theft and fraud (76%), data security and breaches (61%), and digital services including social media sites (58%) 
  • Why do we need to solve it? 
  • People are having their identity stolen which leads to their accounts being used for illegal acts. Data breaches causes people to lose private and important information such as credit card details and passwords. Data breaches on social media sides leads to peoples accounts being stolen and private information being leaked. 
  • Have other tried to solve it? How? 
  • The Privacy Act 1988 was introduced to promote and protect the privacy of individuals and to regulate how Australian Government agencies and organisations make over $3 million and how organisation handle personal information. 
  • The Privacy Act includes 13 principles, which apply to some private sector organisations and the Government. The principals help keep consumer information confidential. 
  • How is this solved in different countries? 
  • 107 countries have data protection rules in place to secure data privacy. 
  • The USA, the Federal Trade Commission regulates privacy laws. 
  • California requires businesses to disclose what information they collect, what purpose they collect it for, and which parties they share it with. 
  • The UK is regulated by the Information Commissioner’s Office. The law requires to say what you are collecting personal data and how you plan to use it. 
  • Can we combine or improve existing solutions? 
  • We can do what other countries do, and create stricter laws to ensure that the data that is being used is only being used for good reasons only. 
  • We can be given the option to choose weather you information can be used or not. 

Solutions Fluency Process

What are the key words?

How can we provide data sovereignty for the citizens of Australia?  (Protect your data privacy) How could we determine which companies have our data or are using our data without our knowledge?

How could we determine which companies have our data or are using our data without our knowledge?

 What exactly needs to be solved?

  What needs to be solved is the protection of our data from other companies without knowledge

 What needs to be changed?

What needs to be changed is companies taking our information and data without the consumers knowledge.

 How does this problem affect people in the community?

Targets ads off information we search for, affects everyone who uses the internet

 What is the context?

Targeted at people in Australia and at people who use the internet.

 What are the different components of this problem?

How could we determine which companies have our data or are using our data without our knowledge and how we can solve the problem.

Explain the problem in your own words.

The problem is that companies on the internet are taking our data and using it for various things without our knowledge.

This is just extra info: Having your data in the cloud offers many benefits. It allows for easier flow of information with employees anywhere in the world. It also allows for safe and easy remote backup of files and data, and in many cases, cost savings. The good news is that there are a growing number of cloud-based service providers in Australia. This means there is a greater likelihood that you will be able to keep your data within Australia and still use public cloud services.

Why do we need to solve it?

Data sovereignty comes into play when an organisation’s data is stored outside of their country and is subject to the laws of the country in which the data resides. The main concern with data sovereignty is maintaining privacy regulations and keeping foreign countries from being able to subpoena data.

What is causing the problem?

Data sovereignty refers to the concept that data may be subject to the laws of more than one country. This can occur when data is stored digitally with a cloud service provider and therefore, may be stored overseas. In other words, data sovereignty comes into play when an organisation stores data both internationally and locally. This situation can occur when a business uses a foreign or local cloud service provider.

A reason of why companies are stealing your data is to take important information like your bank account details and steal your money or take sensitive information like your health records, Social Security number, birthdate, or name and address, and use to steal your identity and they can do things like open new credit accounts, steal from existing accounts, filing a fraudulent tax return or commit other crimes using a fake identity.

What is causing the problem? 

In 2020 the biggest data risks were theft and fraud (76%), data security and breaches (61%), and digital services including social media sites (58%) 

Why do we need to solve it? 

People are having their identity stolen which leads to their accounts being used for illegal acts. Data breaches cause people to lose private and important information such as credit card details and passwords. Data breaches on social media sites leads to people’s accounts being stolen and private information being leaked. 

We need this problem to be solved as companies are stealing other people’s information and using it. They are using it to personalise ads that we have on our computer. Having data privacy/security stops online criminals from data breaches and cyber-attacks.

Have others tried to solve it? How? 

Australian privacy act 1988

This act was introduced to promote and protect the privacy of individuals and to regulate how Australian Government agencies and organisations with an annual turnover of more than $3 million, and some other organisations, handle personal information.

This act also makes you have greater control over your information and how it’s handled.

This privacy act allows you to:

·   know why your personal information is being collected, how it will be used and who it’s given to  

·   have the option of not identifying yourself

·   ask for access to your personal information

·   stop receiving unwanted direct marketing

·   ask for your personal information that is incorrect to be corrected

·   make a complaint about an organisation or agency the Privacy Act covers, if you think they’ve mishandled your personal information

The Privacy Act 1988 was introduced to promote and protect the privacy of individuals and to regulate how Australian Government agencies and organisations make over $3 million and how organisations handle personal information. 

The Privacy Act includes 13 principles, which apply to some private sector organisations and the Government. The principals help keep consumer information confidential. 

How is this solved in different countries? 

107 countries have data protection rules in place to secure data privacy. 

The USA, the Federal Trade Commission regulates privacy laws. 

California requires businesses to disclose what information they collect, what purpose they collect it for, and which parties they share it with. 

The UK is regulated by the Information Commissioner’s Office. The law requires you to say what you are collecting personal data and how you plan to use it. 

General Data Protection Regulation

Made in 14 April 2016

Made by  European Parliament and Council of the European Union

Known as the toughest privacy and security law in the world, this regulation ensures personal data is gathered under strict conditions and those to collect and manage this information are obliged to protect it from misuse and exploitation, as well as to respect the rights of data owners and if misused they face penalty charges.

The GDPR applies to any company operating with the EU

This Regulation helps others feel more in control of their personal information and are able adapt to the digital growing world.

Can we combine or improve existing solutions? 

We can do what other countries do, and create stricter laws to ensure that the data that is being used is only being used for good reasons only. 

We can be given the option to choose whether your information can be used or not. 

We can take components from different solutions and apply them to ours, this makes our solution more effective. 

How will you create a solution?

App or program that can detect another app or website that is trying to steal your data

What is your solution?

One solution can be to make an app/program that can detect if another app or website is trying to steal your data  

How will it work?

It would detect the in and out activity flow that the other apps are doing and if they are extracting any information and will tell you what they are taking

Why will it work?

data sovereignty allows a country to excise its privacy laws on data stored in the jurisdiction. 

How can you test this solution?

Design and implementation of internal processes.Securing customer consent to use their personal data.Handling the process of data withdrawal if requested by the customer.Ensuring data quality.Cost of implementation.Data complexity. 

Can you redesign and make it better?

 References:

https://www.oaic.gov.au/privacy/the-privacy-act/

https://www.cmo.com.au/article/683198/latest-research-shows-consumer-privacy-concerns-around-data-misuse-rising/#:~:text=The%20biggest%20privacy%20risks%20identified,marketing%20from%20the%20OAIC%20report.

https://insights.truyo.com/a-global-perspective-what-is-data-privacy-like-in-other-countries