Data Privacy

Collaboration Questions and Research

How can we provide data sovereignty for the citizens of Australia? (Protect your data privacy) How could we determine which companies have our data or are using our data without our knowledge?

  • What is causing the problem? 
  • In 2020 the biggest data risks were theft and fraud (76%), data security and breaches (61%), and digital services including social media sites (58%) 
  • Why do we need to solve it? 
  • People are having their identity stolen which leads to their accounts being used for illegal acts. Data breaches causes people to lose private and important information such as credit card details and passwords. Data breaches on social media sides leads to peoples accounts being stolen and private information being leaked. 
  • Have other tried to solve it? How? 
  • The Privacy Act 1988 was introduced to promote and protect the privacy of individuals and to regulate how Australian Government agencies and organisations make over $3 million and how organisation handle personal information. 
  • The Privacy Act includes 13 principles, which apply to some private sector organisations and the Government. The principals help keep consumer information confidential. 
  • How is this solved in different countries? 
  • 107 countries have data protection rules in place to secure data privacy. 
  • The USA, the Federal Trade Commission regulates privacy laws. 
  • California requires businesses to disclose what information they collect, what purpose they collect it for, and which parties they share it with. 
  • The UK is regulated by the Information Commissioner’s Office. The law requires to say what you are collecting personal data and how you plan to use it. 
  • Can we combine or improve existing solutions? 
  • We can do what other countries do, and create stricter laws to ensure that the data that is being used is only being used for good reasons only. 
  • We can be given the option to choose weather you information can be used or not. 

Solutions Fluency Process

What are the key words?

How can we provide data sovereignty for the citizens of Australia?  (Protect your data privacy) How could we determine which companies have our data or are using our data without our knowledge?

How could we determine which companies have our data or are using our data without our knowledge?

 What exactly needs to be solved?

  What needs to be solved is the protection of our data from other companies without knowledge

 What needs to be changed?

What needs to be changed is companies taking our information and data without the consumers knowledge.

 How does this problem affect people in the community?

Targets ads off information we search for, affects everyone who uses the internet

 What is the context?

Targeted at people in Australia and at people who use the internet.

 What are the different components of this problem?

How could we determine which companies have our data or are using our data without our knowledge and how we can solve the problem.

Explain the problem in your own words.

The problem is that companies on the internet are taking our data and using it for various things without our knowledge.

This is just extra info: Having your data in the cloud offers many benefits. It allows for easier flow of information with employees anywhere in the world. It also allows for safe and easy remote backup of files and data, and in many cases, cost savings. The good news is that there are a growing number of cloud-based service providers in Australia. This means there is a greater likelihood that you will be able to keep your data within Australia and still use public cloud services.

Why do we need to solve it?

Data sovereignty comes into play when an organisation’s data is stored outside of their country and is subject to the laws of the country in which the data resides. The main concern with data sovereignty is maintaining privacy regulations and keeping foreign countries from being able to subpoena data.

What is causing the problem?

Data sovereignty refers to the concept that data may be subject to the laws of more than one country. This can occur when data is stored digitally with a cloud service provider and therefore, may be stored overseas. In other words, data sovereignty comes into play when an organisation stores data both internationally and locally. This situation can occur when a business uses a foreign or local cloud service provider.

A reason of why companies are stealing your data is to take important information like your bank account details and steal your money or take sensitive information like your health records, Social Security number, birthdate, or name and address, and use to steal your identity and they can do things like open new credit accounts, steal from existing accounts, filing a fraudulent tax return or commit other crimes using a fake identity.

What is causing the problem? 

In 2020 the biggest data risks were theft and fraud (76%), data security and breaches (61%), and digital services including social media sites (58%) 

Why do we need to solve it? 

People are having their identity stolen which leads to their accounts being used for illegal acts. Data breaches cause people to lose private and important information such as credit card details and passwords. Data breaches on social media sites leads to people’s accounts being stolen and private information being leaked. 

We need this problem to be solved as companies are stealing other people’s information and using it. They are using it to personalise ads that we have on our computer. Having data privacy/security stops online criminals from data breaches and cyber-attacks.

Have others tried to solve it? How? 

Australian privacy act 1988

This act was introduced to promote and protect the privacy of individuals and to regulate how Australian Government agencies and organisations with an annual turnover of more than $3 million, and some other organisations, handle personal information.

This act also makes you have greater control over your information and how it’s handled.

This privacy act allows you to:

·   know why your personal information is being collected, how it will be used and who it’s given to  

·   have the option of not identifying yourself

·   ask for access to your personal information

·   stop receiving unwanted direct marketing

·   ask for your personal information that is incorrect to be corrected

·   make a complaint about an organisation or agency the Privacy Act covers, if you think they’ve mishandled your personal information

The Privacy Act 1988 was introduced to promote and protect the privacy of individuals and to regulate how Australian Government agencies and organisations make over $3 million and how organisations handle personal information. 

The Privacy Act includes 13 principles, which apply to some private sector organisations and the Government. The principals help keep consumer information confidential. 

How is this solved in different countries? 

107 countries have data protection rules in place to secure data privacy. 

The USA, the Federal Trade Commission regulates privacy laws. 

California requires businesses to disclose what information they collect, what purpose they collect it for, and which parties they share it with. 

The UK is regulated by the Information Commissioner’s Office. The law requires you to say what you are collecting personal data and how you plan to use it. 

General Data Protection Regulation

Made in 14 April 2016

Made by  European Parliament and Council of the European Union

Known as the toughest privacy and security law in the world, this regulation ensures personal data is gathered under strict conditions and those to collect and manage this information are obliged to protect it from misuse and exploitation, as well as to respect the rights of data owners and if misused they face penalty charges.

The GDPR applies to any company operating with the EU

This Regulation helps others feel more in control of their personal information and are able adapt to the digital growing world.

Can we combine or improve existing solutions? 

We can do what other countries do, and create stricter laws to ensure that the data that is being used is only being used for good reasons only. 

We can be given the option to choose whether your information can be used or not. 

We can take components from different solutions and apply them to ours, this makes our solution more effective. 

How will you create a solution?

App or program that can detect another app or website that is trying to steal your data

What is your solution?

One solution can be to make an app/program that can detect if another app or website is trying to steal your data  

How will it work?

It would detect the in and out activity flow that the other apps are doing and if they are extracting any information and will tell you what they are taking

Why will it work?

data sovereignty allows a country to excise its privacy laws on data stored in the jurisdiction. 

How can you test this solution?

Design and implementation of internal processes.Securing customer consent to use their personal data.Handling the process of data withdrawal if requested by the customer.Ensuring data quality.Cost of implementation.Data complexity. 

Can you redesign and make it better?

 References:

https://www.oaic.gov.au/privacy/the-privacy-act/

https://www.cmo.com.au/article/683198/latest-research-shows-consumer-privacy-concerns-around-data-misuse-rising/#:~:text=The%20biggest%20privacy%20risks%20identified,marketing%20from%20the%20OAIC%20report.

https://insights.truyo.com/a-global-perspective-what-is-data-privacy-like-in-other-countries

Robotics R us

Our Question

How do we manage Robotic Automation and the future of the Human Workforce and Society? 

This question was proposed to us by Tony Lazzaro Class of 1975 who is a Senior Medical Scientist / Software Engineer

What does this mean?

It is the ability for a robot to complete ordinary human tasks 

What is the problem?

Robots are taking away simple jobs that could sustain a person’s need for money

What is causing the problem? 

Robots are causing the problem as they are replacing the jobs of people 

Why do we need to solve this problem? 

People will lose jobs because of this. While some jobs will be crested, these jobs will require specific skills and there won’t be as many roles for even the 27 million people in Australia to fill 

Robots that can do things such as working in the banks and assist in the diagnostic of patients alongside doctors and nurses. 

What is our solution?

We decided that since there are no laws about how many robots you can legally implement into a certain workforce

Idea 1- Restrictions on the amount of robots you can make 

How will we create a solution? 

  • To create a solution, we must find out number of workers that are in jeopardy, of losing their job, as the robots may take their job away. According to a study conducted in the us it was predicted by 2030, more than 1.5 million jobs would have been lost to robots in the united states alone. 

what is our solution? 

  • Our solution would be to limit the amount the robots being produced and put the humans first as they are much less likely to malfunction only allow robots to do jobs that are just a burden to other human workers  

How will it work? 

  • For this to work there would have to be a proposal put to the government about a law that would limit the number of robots made 

Why will it work? 

  • By putting a cap on how many robots can be produced it allows people to be confident there jobs may not be taken in the future. It will work because robots will not be able to manufacturing jobs as there will not be enough robots to take the job. 

How can you test this solution? 

  • We can test by testing  

Can we re-design and make it better? 

  • no 

Robotics

The problem

As technology advances robots are slowly taking over jobs that would usually be occupied by humans, as they are able to get the job done at a faster rate and for less money.  The researchers found that for every robot added per 1,000 workers in the U.S., wages decline by 0.42% and the employment-to-population ratio goes down by 0.2 percentage points — to date, this means the loss of about 400,000 jobs. This a major problem as humans are losing their jobs and incomes, and can therefore not pay for bills, schooling fees.

It affects people in the workforce as it puts people out of the job as robots are replacing humans. According to this website highly-paid workers are more commonly affected, but the effects are more severe for less well-paid workers.

Pro's

Robots are much cheaper than humans and their cost is now decreasing. 

Because robots are more active and don’t get tired like humans, the collaboration between humans and robots is reducing absenteeism. 

Robots are more precise than humans which help them in performing tasks with more accuracy than humans.

There is no doubt that robots are significantly stronger and faster than humans.

Robots come in any shape and size, depending upon the need of the task.

Robots can be used everywhere where human safety is a huge concern.

Robots in warfare are saving more lives and have now proven to be very successful.

The human brain gets tired if it’s working continuously but robots never get tired of what they are programmed to do and they can work on certain tasks error free.

Con's

Where robots are increasing the efficiency in many businesses, they are also increasing the unemployment rate.

Typically cannot handle unexpected situations.

The ROI of your business may suffer if your operation relies on too many robots. They have higher expenses than humans, so at the end of the day you may not always achieve the desired ROI.

They can never improve their jobs outside the pre-defined programming because they simply cannot think for themselves.

Training those employees on how to work with the robots definitely has a cost attached to it. 

Robots have no sense of emotions or conscience. They lack empathy and this is one major disadvantage of having an emotionless workplace.

Robots operate on the basis of information fed to them through a chip. If one thing goes wrong the entire company bears the loss.

Experts Advice

Will They?

Half of the experts envision a future in which robots and digital agents have been displaced significant numbers of both blue- and white-collar workers, with many expressing concern that this will lead to a vast increase in income inequality, masses of people who are effectively unemployable, and breakdowns in the social order

Wont They?

The other half of the exports who responded to the survey expect that technology wont displace more jobs than it creates by 2025. To be sure, this group anticipates that many jobs currently performed by humans will be substantially taken over by robots or digital agents by 2025. But they have faith that human ingenuity will create new jobs, industries, and ways to make a living, just as it has been doing science the dawn of the Industrial Revolution

How to stop them?

You can’t simply put a stop on technology innovation, bans often create worse situations than allowing people to innovate by closely watching how and the impact to society. We need to learn how to navigate around the problem and create a solution which will enable humans to work together with Ai instead of using them as the enemy

Bill gates recently said that Ai is a positive for society and that “displaced workers could filll gaps that currently exist elsewhere in the labour market: such as elder care, teaching and support for special needs children.” Instead of learning new skills, this solution encourages workers  to use their existing skills in a new industry.

Robots will never replace most jobs that require a specific combination of rational thinking, common sense, flexibility, manual dexterity, worldly and special knowledge, empathy, and communication skills. 

The majority of jobs that have been displaced or that are at risk for being displaced are process-driven jobs. These are positions that can easily be automated, such as manufacturing, customer service and transportation. Robots and AI can simply do these types of jobs faster and more efficiently than humans. In order to have a productive future, many experts suggest humans and robots need to work alongside each other. Robots need to do jobs that can be automated, and humans need to do the jobs that require a personal or creative touch. 

Jobs Ai Can't Replace

  1. Human resource managers
  2. Computer system analyst
  3. Teachers
  4. Sportsmen
  5. Judges and lawyers
  6. Writers
  7. Chief executive officers
  8. Event planners
  9. Politicians
  10. Magicians
  11. Priests and Clergymen
  12. Psychiatrists and Psychologists
  13. Surgeons
  14. Occupational Therapist 
  15. Professional Singers

Our Solution

Our solution to the problem at hand is to train the next generation into more stem and creative thinking driven jobs that require creative thinking instead of process-driven jobs: such as; manufacturing, customer service and transportation. Robots and AI can simply do these types of jobs faster and more efficiently than humans. In order to have a productive future, many experts suggest humans and robots need to work alongside each other.

We will go to the government and make them change the legislation to restrict people from getting g a job in a certain area that relates to building as it would be unnecessary, and instead encourage people to get more stem related jobs which require innovative thinking instead of critical thinking. 

Most job sectors will still need a few people as robots can’t necessarily solve every issue unless programmed to. Robots still need programmers to fix problems as they can’t solve issues by themselves. Robots can’t think on their own so when a job comes to innovative thinking they can’t do the work and hence humans needs to step in and do the work. Jobs like admin, manufacturing, surgical work, and checkout. Up to 20 million manufacturing jobs around the world could be replaced by robots by 2030, according to analysis firm Oxford economics. This means ai is already taking over our jobs so we need to make a change now before its too late. About 1.7 million manufacturing jobs have already been lost to robots since 2000, including 400,000 in Europe, 260,000 in the US, and 550,000 in China 

 Our solution will work because we have done extensive research into the problem and have collaborated to come up with a well-designed solution. We will research and find companies that have developed and are using new technology and see how it has impacted the implement rate and the people working in the company.

Our solution will work as people would be able to continue working with their jobs without getting unemployed. People would be working on the creative side of work and robots would work on the simpler and more precise component of work. Our community also would learn to be more developed in technology as you would learn how to program the robots to do simple jobs more precise than what humans can do.

What are the Legal Responsibilities of Social Media Platforms?

What is the problem?

  • Laws about social media can’t keep up with technology.  There are no laws about social media usage.

Some social media problems are:

  • Cyber bullying
  • Inappropriate posting 10 problem-solving interview questions to find top talent

How does this problem affect people?

  • Ruins the reputation of the people who post inappropriate photos 
  • Cyber bullying can be detrimental on children’s mental health and well-being
  • Challenging on users self-esteem sometimes 

Why does this problem need to be fixed?

This problem needs to be fixed to keep social media users safe and help them to enjoy using the platforms. 

What needs to be changed?

The way the government and laws cooperate and keep up with social media and new technology.

Explanation of the problem in our own words:

The problem in this situation is that the government cant keep up with new developing technology that is being made and they don’t have enough laws around new devices and software, the government also doesn’t have enough laws around social media platforms either as they are still new and being developed to keep users safe. 

 

Terms and conditions of Instagram: 

  •   You may not post nude, partially nude or sexually suggestive photos 
  • You are responsible for any activity that occurs under your screen name 
  • You are responsible for keeping your password secure 
  • Must be 13 years or older 

Laws about Social Media: 

  • Australia has a law which punishes social media platforms for not controlling violent/hate posts. 
  • Employees can be fired because of inappropriate posts on social media 

Laws around cyber bullying: 

  • Cyber bullying can be a crime 
  • Using social medias in a menacing, harassing or offensive way 
  • Encouraging suicide  
  • Making threats   

 

Ideas

  • Laws about social media should be a priority and made faster than laws are normally made. 
  • The government can create a department that fact checks posts  
  • More people employed to regulate social media platforms  
  • Criminals and Sex offenders can only have limited accounts which stop them from doing illegal things. 
  • Social media companies to moderate and approve content prior to publication

 

Unrealistic Ideas: 

  • Technology can detect any form of cyber bullying/hate/violence and delete them or report to the government. 
  • Laws about social media posts can be created as soon as a problem arises. 
  • New accounts can be fact checked before they are approved to use 
  • Temporary shutdown of social media platforms if abhorrent or violent videos become viral  
20 Social Media Ideas to Keep Your Brand's Feed Fresh

 

What is causing the problem?

 

Little Government Regulation:

Social media has grown considerably over the past 20 years with over 3.6 billion users with at least one social media account. This has meant there are not many laws surrounding the use of social media allowing platforms to be used as a tool for criminal activity. In Australia, there are not many laws, especially ones that hold social media creators accountable for actions done on their platforms. When laws are made, they are made after extreme circumstances which won’t have any effect on that instance. For example, on the 15th of March a shooter entered a New Zealand mosque and killed 51 people while livestreaming the whole attack on Facebook. The video was reported and took down 29 minutes after the attack started and 12 minutes after it finished, but not before 4000 people viewed it. Within the first 24 hours of the attack 1.5 million videos were taken down. After this incident Australia passed legislation called the “Sharing of Abhorrent Violent Material Act 2019” which allowed them to charge criminal penalties for social media platforms, jail time and financial penalties. Facebook however did not suffer any punishment for the sharing of this video, which could have been prevented with better regulation by governments such as tracking on livestreams and moderators approving content before posting. Facebook also could have temporarily shut down their platforms while trying to find videos of the attack and deleting those accounts that tried to or did post it.

Less User Responsibility:

Facebook says in their terms of use they cannot guarantee that Facebook is safe or secure, but why should they not try. Instead, they set a long list of terms that users need to follow to prevent Facebook from being sued. Legal responsibility should be shared between both users and creators. Most users will do the right thing by following terms of use and using social media platforms in a responsible way, but it is impossible to expect everyone to do the same. Social media is exploited by thousands of criminals every day and used in an unprecedented way as a tool to promote an act of terrorism and hate, yet responsibility is placed on users to stop it from happening. How some individuals use social media is up to them, but it is up to social media platforms to make sure those who use it correctly are safe from criminals.

 

Why do we need to solve it?

 

Protect people from becoming victim to criminal activity:

With social media being used by over 3.6 billion people worldwide it is used as a powerful tool to connect with others, as well as expressing yourself. As much as it can be used for good, there are people who take advantage of social media, and exploit it as a way to cyberbully, hack, commit scams and fraud, purchase illegal products and post criminal activity. Many people who use social media correctly can become victim to crime without realising. There have been too many accounts of scammers stealing money from vulnerable people. It is hard for people to spot the difference from a scammer to something genuine, so it should be the social media’s platforms responsibility to make sure this doesn’t happen.

 

Use social media as a safe place rather than a criminal tool:

Social media should be a place where people can connect with others halfway around the globe, express themselves without hate and discover new things with ease. It should not be a place where terrorist propaganda or cyberbullying happens. It’s unfair to those people who use social media correctly to have to be careful about what they scroll onto. It is also awful if a teenager stumbles across a mass shooting video because it went viral since a social media platform could not stop the spread. It is important that social media platforms take legal responsibility so that these things do not happen.

 

 

Legal Responsibilities

What are the Legal Responsibilities of Social Networks and Platforms?

Cyberbullying Information for Parents | How You Can Help | Kids Helpline

  • What is causing the problem? 
  • Users posting inappropriate content on social networking platforms. If the social media platforms allow it to be posted and don’t remove the content they are also the problem as they didn’t set restrictions. 
  •  
  • Why do we need to solve it?
  • If the issue is not solved than underaged viewers may be exposed to inappropriate content and may be scarred and or triggered. So in order to solve the issue we need to set restrictions against inappropriate content that may be exposed to younger audiences. 

 

  • Have others tried to solve it? How?
  • Platforms have given certain post trigger warnings for inappropriate content so it warns the viewers but it doesn’t stop them from seeing it. Its still mostly up to the users in what they post and if they follow or break the guidelines. 
  • How is this solved in different countries? 
  • Platforms such as Instagram place restrictions on content warning users that content may be inappropriate but not 
  • North Korea have banned social media 

 How to Choose the Best Social Media Platforms for Your Business | Insureon

  • Can we combine or improve existing solutions?
  • We can improve the solutions by social media platforms being more forceful in shutting down inappropriate content. Social Media sites need to monitor content so they can immediately shut down posts/live streams that could be mean or could harm someone.  

 

What is the State of Legal Laws In this Field? 

  • The laws in this field are lagging behind compared to what is actually occurring today. 
  •  There has been many examples of live streams where people are sharing and posting inappropriate content. These live streams or inappropriate posts should be shut down but also shouldn’t be started as these users agree to the terms and conditions of the Platform. 
  • The Australian Competition and Consumer Council (ACCC) has issued guidelines for the use of social media which include: 
  • Do not make false or misleading statements.  And do not allow others to make false or misleading statements.  You can be held responsible for posts or public comments made by others on your social media pages which are false or likely to mislead consumers. 
  • Remove negative comments about competitors if misleading or deceptive.   While you can respond to negative comments, in most cases the safest policy is to remove offensive content. 
  • Monitor your social network sites regularly. The amount of time you spend monitoring should be commensurate to the size of your company and the number of “fans” or “followers” on your s
What is the best social media platform for your brand?

SOCIAL MEDIA PLATFORMS 

 What are the key words?  

  • Legal responsibilities 
  • Social Networking platforms 

  

What exactly needs to be solved? ·  

  • The legal responsibilities of social networking platforms to produce a safe social media platform. 

 

Is it the networks issue or the users? 

  • It is mainly the users fault because they upload the illegal post.

The network do as much as they can because users agree to the network’s terms and condition. 

 

What needs to be changed?  

  • The inappropriate content that is exposed on platforms produced by users and not prevented by platform producers. 
  •  

How does this problem affect people in the community? ·  

  • It effects the viewers/watchers as they are the ones watching the inappropriate content and may be scared/traumatized if the content goes viral. 
  •  

What is the context? 

  • Under the circumstances of the terms and conditions and it’s extent many would agree that they don’t particularly read it which makes it easy for companies to skip many rules that may either hurt or scar users which is what is happening currently on these platforms. 

  

What are the different components of this problem? · 

  • That the platforms are not taking the content down immediately 
  • The viewers are not controlling what they post and minding out for younger ages 
  • Legal Responsibilities of Social Media Platforms 

  

Explaining the Problem

The problem is that people post inappropriate content on social media platforms, leading to other people seeing this content, with the risk of people getting serious mental health/ depression issues.  

  • Users post inappropriate content  
  • Social Media Platforms don’t trace posts and can’t find inappropriate content 
  • Social Media Platforms release Terms and Conditions and when a user agrees to these T & C’s, they have the responsibility to use this network responsibly and appropriately. 

 Statistics Reveal Facebook's Social Media Monopoly / Digital Information World

Design: 

Creating a solution phase:  

  •  An approval by platforms while scanning content.
  • When buying a computer there is restrictions for how old you are. 
  • How will you create a solution? 
  • By creating sensors ship/key words that computers detect when users post content 
  • What is your solution? 
  •  Our solution is creating AI that detect inappropriate words when users are posting on these platforms. This can reject these post to avoid inappropriate texts that may harm people.
  •  
  • How can this be tested?
  •  Putting it into action against other platforms and their use of innapropriate content.
  • Can you re-design and make it better?
  •  We can adjust it based on feedback and the demand of this product.  It can be changed and can be made better. If more is in demand, then adjustments can be made based on the demand of the product so it can cope with more scanning. We can redesign it to be a faster model that can track down inappropriate content.  
  •  
  •  
  • A social media platform cannot become one without this problem of inappropriate language/actions being solved. This is a big problem in Today’s world and this sensor is important as more people are using social media platforms today.
 You can say what you want but their can be consequences.
My iPhone Home Screen – The Nerdy StudentOur Solution: Our Solution is to create a sensor that detects inappropriate content on social media platforms. This sensor will detect bad or inappropriate words or language and this sensor will immediately reject the post or live stream. These posts can be hurtful so this addition can be influential in limiting mental health problems such as depression and suicide.

Topic59: Social Media Platforms

What are the legal responsibilities of social networks and platforms?     

By:

Riley Marraffa

Jacob Wearing

 

Gretta Whyte

Sienna Pearce

Jess Rosich

64% of teens with Twitter accounts say that their tweets are public, while 24% say their tweets are private. 12% of teens with Twitter accounts say that they “don’t know” if their tweets are public or private.

While boys and girls are equally likely to say their accounts are public, boys are significantly more likely than girls to say that they don’t know (21% of boys who have Twitter accounts report this, compared with 5% of girls).

Social media networks cannot control whether younger users accounts are private or public, therefore they should implement restrictions on how old you have to be to have a public account. But at the moment social networks cannot control this decision and it only depends on the user.

Social networks shouldn’t be the only ones to control the risks of social media, and parents or guardians can have an input to protect their children from inappropriate behaviour.

  • Work out how they want to behave and be treated by other people online understand the risks involved in using social media – for example, risks like being tagged in an embarrassing photo taken at a party understand the dangers involved in sharing content and personal information – this includes not only content that your child shares but also images of your child that other people share, or posts and images that others tag your child to learn how to navigate the risks – for example, if your child posts an identifiable image of themselves, they can reduce risk by not including any other personal information learn what to do if people ask for personal details, are mean or abusive online, post embarrassing photos of your child, or share information that links back to your child.

Social Media Platforms

By: Hayden White, Layla Smith, Hannah Viti, Ethan Crifo & Charlie Hessels

Social Media Platforms

What are the legal responsibilities of social networks and platforms?

Kiev, Ukraine – October 17, 2012 – A logotype collection of well-known social media brand’s printed on paper. Include Facebook, YouTube, Twitter, Google Plus, Instagram, Vimeo, Flickr, Myspace, Tumblr, Livejournal, Foursquare and more other logos.

Solutions Fluency Process:

Define:

What are the key words? Legal responsibilities, social networks + platforms

What exactly needs to be solved? The problem of people having access to people’s passwords, and private/personal information. The issue of people being hacked or scammed regularly due to not enough cyber security.

What needs to be changed? Less people being scammed by hackers, to upgrade cyber security and change the issue that is faced everyday to people all around the world due to the lack of security on people’s personal information

How does this problem affect people in the community? This affects people as they are being scammed or hacked, because people’s passwords are at easy access due to the issue of social networks and platforms lacking good security measures.

What is the context? People getting the information stolen and hacked in to from bad websites, or social media platforms. That has lacked the legal responsibilities that should be protected for society’s safety.

What are the different components of this problem? Peoples information being hacked and used incorrectly, People being hacked or scammed, Older people being ‘tricked’ into giving money away to scammers and People being ‘gullible’ to randoms scams

Explain the problem in your own words. The problem is that people are being hacked and scammed due to the issue that social media platforms lack privacy safety. And the legal responsibility is to protect society from the issues such as people being hacked and or scammed.

Discover:

Investigating and Researching:

Research, gather and analyse as much knowledge and information about the problem as you can. Develop relevant content topics to reach the company’s target customers. Create, curate, and manage all published content, Monitor, listen and respond to users in a “Social” way while cultivating leads and sales.

Consult your parents and any experts you know. Monitor the activity of the user and how they want their privacy to be kept

What is causing the problem? Inexperienced users of the internet (Often older people)

Why do we need to solve it? Produce a browser extension or application which cross checks your passwords with dodgy websites

Have others tried to solve it? How? Yeah, google have released a browser extension that protects your security by automatically generating randomised passwords and saving them in your browser.

How is this solved in different countries? Some countries such as South Korea and China only allow certain websites to be accessed and certain area of interest to be viewed

Can we combine or improve existing solutions? We can branch of the concept of google password protection and expand the browser extension so that we can browse the internet

Design:

Creating a solution phase:

How will you create a solution?  We will create a solution by creating an app that will be able to block websites from stealing information, and also help protect society from getting their information leaked or stolen from hackers online. E.g. Bank account details.

What is your solution? How will it work? A browser extension or an app where you put in all of your passwords and private information to be cross checked before you enter information into something. If the website or user is ‘unsafe’ then it wont let you enter in the words that you put into the browser extension.

Why will it work? It will work because it will protect people from hackers and people stealing others information. It will also work because it will help with people’s safety and allow people to be less ‘scared’ of the information being leaked or used.

How can you test this solution? We can find a website that is notorious for stealing people’s information and then run fake information through the app/ web extension and see if it picks up on the information thief.

Can you re-design and make it better? Our solution can’t be improved and we are satisfied with what we have come up with ect. Produced.

SOLUTION

Our solution involves a browser extension in conjunction with an application that is used to manage and protect your information. Just like google passwords you put all your information in and it automatically fills your information into your selected website. The difference is that our browser extension cross checks websites to make sure they are not stealing your information.

Social Media Legal Responsibilities

What are the legal responsibilities of social Networks and platforms?

What exactly needs to be solved?

 

  • What needs to be solved in Social media is the amount of Terrible, awful content people are putting on the platforms such as TikTok, Instagram and Snapchat. This can be solved by the Laws of these platforms, People who post these horrible videos need to be reported so the police can investigat- e who this person is,They also need to set up these devices that can hack into that person’s account and find out more information about them.

 What needs to be changed?

 

  • Social Media needs to be changed by the amount of laws that are being created, new laws need to be proposed in Social media platforms whether it is the content people are posting or the type of content people are posting because it can be inappropriate, offensive and disturbing to others.

How does this problem affect people in the community? 

  • Multiple studies have found a strong link between heavy social media and an increased risk for depression, anxiety, loneliness, self-harm, and even suicidal thoughts. Social media may promote negative experiences such as: Inadequacy about your life or appearance.

  • On Instagram in Australia people have taken down the number of likes people are getting because it just shows how many likes you have and it affects people by saying to themselves that there not good enough and take the post down 

What is the context? 

  • Social Media started in 2004

  • Social Platforms include:

        • Instagram

        • Facebook

        • Snapchat

        • TikTok

        • Twitter

        • Youtube 

Instagram – 6th october 2010, Kevin Systrom, San Francisco, 

Facebook – February 2004, Mark Zuckerberg, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States

Snapchat – September 16, 2011, Evan Spiegel / Bobby Murphy / Reggie Brown, Santa Monica, California.

 

TikTok – September 2016, Zhang Yiming, China

 

Twitter – 21 March 2006,  Jack Dorsey, Evan Williams, Noah Glass, Biz Stone, San Francisco, California, United States

 

Youtube – 14 February 2005,  Jawed Karim / Steve Chen / Chad Hurley, San Mateo, California, United States

 

Pinterest – January 2010, Ben Silbermann / Evan Sharp / Paul Sciarra, San Francisco, California, United States

  • Over 3.5 billion people use Social Media around the world

  •  Social media may promote some negative experiences such as 

                             – Cyberbullying

                             – Isolation

                             – Depression and anxiety

 

What are the different components of this problem?

  • Social media platforms

  • Legal responsibilities of social media

            – What you post on social media is always there

            – You cannot make false, misleading or deceptive claims 

            – Cyberbullying can lead to suicidal thoughts e.g. Dolly Everett

– Rights and responsibilities of social media 

– There to protect businesses, people’s privacy 

– Copyright 

– Criminal activity

– Fake accounts 

– Reputation damage

 

Explain the problem in your own words.

In our opinion we believe that social media in today’s day and age has a negative impact on our world. Social media founders have reputations and expectations that are expected of all users. They have guidelines and rules that are outlined in the terms and conditions, if not followed there are consequences. 



Research, gather and analyse as much knowledge and information about the problem as you can.?

Instagram terms and conditions 

 

  1. Must be 13 years old 

  2. Do not post inappropriate photos (nudes, partially nudes, sexulity suggestive)

  3. You are responsible for keeping you password secure 

  4. You must not abuse, harass, threaten, impersonate or intimidate other Instagram users.

 What is causing the problem?

The more time teenagers spend on social media can lead to cyberbullying, social anxiety, depression, and exposure to content such as explicit photos or videos that is not age appropriate. When teenagers are socially connected to others it can ease stress, anxiety and depression, boost self worth, provide comfort, and joy. However it causes bad effects when having a strong social connection as this can lack communication in person and cause a serious risk to mental health and emotional health.


Why do we need to solve it?

The reason we have to solve this problem as it is affecting teenagers’ mental health. Teenagers think it is ok to post explicit and inappropriate photos this can lead to 


 Have others tried to solve it? How? 

  • Mark Zuckberg once tried to solve the problem of social media by fixing the harassing behaviour on the platform 

  • Kids help line is always out to always help kids who have mental issues with social media. Kids who have been cyberbullied before and provide them with care.

 

 How is this solved in different countries? 

Germany

  • Germany’s NetzDG law came into effect at the beginning of 2018, applying to companies with more than two million registered users in the country.They were forced to set up procedures to review complaints about content they were hosting, remove anything that was clearly illegal within 24 hours and publish updates every six months about how they were doing.

 

Australia 

  • In 2015, the Enhancing Online Safety Act created an eSafety Commissioner with the power to demand that social media companies take down harassing or abusive posts. 

 

Sweden

  • The country with highest cyberbullying awareness is Sweden, with 91 percent of respondents they knew about the ongoing occurrence of cyberbullying.


 Can we combine or improve existing solutions?

Yes we can by proving Mark Zuckerburg and our theory the solution works together

How will you create a solution? 

  • We are going to create a solution by using information from previous solutions and with our pure knowledge of the subject we are working on. Just like Mark Zukberg said he was going to fix the mean and Harassing comments people are creating on others posts

 

What is your solution? 

  • Our solution is creating an option on social media platforms that reports inappropriate accounts and establishing a positive culture where reporting isn’t a bad thing.
  • When we see an inappropriate comment or post that people have made, the immediate reaction will be to report it for it to come down if it is affecting someone’s mental health.

 

How will it work?

This solution would work if we get people who are willing to support and help us report and keep these a secret. People will not say it to others that they have seen or reported them.

 

 

 Why will it work?

  • Our solution will work because it will help the social media platforms terms and conditions remain in place and help teenagers with their mental health. By seeing bad inappropriate comments it can affect people’s mental health so by reporting any inappropriate comments, or posts can change someone’s life as little things like this can affect someone’s mental health and cause depression, anxiety and suicidal thoughts. 

 How can you test this solution? 

  • We can test this solution by commenting on someone’s post or posting an image and seeing who is the first to report it and how long it will take them to report it. From this we can see if this person won’t tell anyone as it will help the people who reported the person not get cyber bullied or bullied in general.

Can you re-design and make it better

  • We will first test this solution and see if it works if it isn’t successful, We will then re-work on it to see if we can make it more successful and get more people on board. 

Legal Responsibilities on social media

how will we create a solution:

researching the problem and figuring out strategies to avoid cyber bullying, scams, sending nudes, leading to suicide and depression.

what is the solution:

people need to be more aware on social media platforms because some social media apps are encrypted and some aren’t. encrypted is the process of converting information or data into a code, especially to prevent unauthorised access to information.

our solution:

a filter that doesn’t let the message send if any inappropriate names or swear words have been typed

why will this solution work?

this solution will stop people bullying or harassing others, making people happy and not depressed

how will this solution work:

the solution will work by filtering inappropriate content so people don’t feel offended

we can test the solution by measuring the bullying reports and souicide rated due to cyber bullying.

Driverless cars

By Sam Pittard, Xavier Brun, Noa Case Tenten and Charlotte Munro

Introduction

The term ‘driverless’ refers to all vehicles which have higher levels of automation, beginning at the point where a driver may not need their hands on the steering wheel, but is ready to take over control, right through to where a vehicle doesn’t need a driver and may not even have a steering wheel. As technology evolves, driverless cars will continue to use a variety of technologies to monitor their surroundings, such as radar, laser light, GPS, and computer vision. 

 

For our project, we were asked to find a solution to make driverless cars safe for everyone and environmentally friendly. We want people to be able to feel safe and secure when in these cars. Also, we don’t want the environment to be damaged by the cars. Right now, the cars are prone to crashing and all companies that have produced driverless cars have at least experienced 1 death. With the environmental part of the cars, they so far have no ideas to reduce or stop the environment cost to these driverless cars.   

The current technology being used by car companies is not the safest possible and it is also not very environmentally friendly. Not only does the technology within the car need to be changed but also our world needs to build better roads and infrastructure to support these vehicles. By improving our current roads and infrastructure to support driverless cars, we can make travel from A to B safer and environmentally friendly. This is because driverless cars run on electricity to run rather than fuel, which adds greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. If the roads became only driverless it may be safer as all the cars could communicate eradicating human error. 

Problems

Technology

Driverless cars have sensors and cameras surrounding the car to make sure it can travel safely to its destination. These cars use cameras, ultrasonic sensors and LIDAR sensors in collaboration with each other to create a secure, safe vehicle.  However these sensors can’t work as well in harsh weather such as snow and hail. 

 

Cameras allow the car to identify objects that are within proximity of the vehicle. This identification of the object helps the car come up with a plan on how to react to the interference, this could be braking, stopping, veering, etc. Although cameras have flaws as they can be interfered with by things such as rain, hail, fog, etc. 

The car will also have ultrasonic sound sensors used to detect the distance of objects. Ultrasonic sensors work by sending out sound at a high frequency (that humans can’t hear) at measure the time it takes to reflect off an object and get back to the sensor. The time it takes for the sound to travel can be converted into an accurate measurement on how far away the object is. Benefits of ultrasonic sensors is that they pass through water, meaning rain would not effect, and it has a much higher range of testing than a camera. 

The car will also feature a LIDAR sensor system. LIDAR sensors works by emitting pulse light waves into its surroundings, once these pulses return to the sensors, the car can create an accurate 3D model of the area around it. This sensor can be used to help the car determine the position of other cars that aren’t driverless and aren’t connected to the satellite system.

Safety

A major problem related to the driverless cars is that they won’t have enough experience of road rules. Companies are trying to film roads and showing this to cars so they get an understanding. However they can’t film every car crash, and every fallen tree. As well as cars not able to show the same signals as humans, such as you go first or i’m stopping. Driverless cars are just robots and they can’t feel and act like humans.

Environment

Most cars in our economy aren’t environmentally friendly.  A survey done showed that if possible people would prefer to buy eco friendly cars as not to ruin our world. Due to this companies are trying to find ways to produce environmentally friendly ways to make cars. With driverless cars companies hope sell them all around the world and so to protect our world companies are trying to make eco friendly cars. This will benefit the whole world in the long run. However there are problems with how to make the driverless cars more environmentally friendly than other cars.

Solutions

Technology

To over come the issue of harsh weather (such as snow) stopping the sensors working as well we will have a new sensor on the car. This sensor will override all other sensors and will make sure the car will avoid all big piles of snow. It also will cancel out all snow the other sensors will see so they can focus on their jobs.

Safety

To make the vehicles more safe we will connect the cars through orbital satellite. Each car would have a receiver and a transmitter to receive and connect to the other cars. To keep the car safe and detect real time threats from objects other than cars. These other objects could include pedestrians crossing the street, fallen trees, animals, or other obstructions.  For example if a car finds a tree that has fallen over it will send a message to all cars in the area to warn them to stay away from that road.

Enviromental

From our research, we have found that the most cost effective and environmentally friendly is the Graphene-based battery as a replacement for the commonly used lithium-ion batteries.  Graphene-based batteries are being actively researched for many commercial applications. The improved performance and life cycle advantages when developing graphene-based batteries over traditional metal-ion batteries are well worth the resource investment. Elon Musk’s Tesla Motors provides a famous example of innovative companies actively pursuing graphene battery research and commercialisation. 

Advanced high-strength steels (AHSS) are now used for nearly every new vehicle design. AHSS make up as much as 60% of today’s vehicles body structures making lighter, optimised vehicle designs that enhance safety and improve fuel efficiency. Steel is one of the few alloys which is almost 95% recyclable (excluding the 5% in scrap contamination) This ensures a long-life cycle for steel products in the global economy, which ranges from the first-time use of steel to multiple recycling rounds that obsolete steel scrap can go through. Steel has a long-life cycle backed by its physical properties, which enables it one of the highest recovery rates among all recycled metals and alloys globally. Steel seems to be the appropriate choice in the manufacturing of environmentally friendly cars and it’s high relative strength makes it a safer option if the car were to be in an accident.